I don’t know about you, but if I stumbled upon an island where the beach was scattered with bones, I’d be doing an about turn, pronto. But it was 16th not the 21st century and Ponce de Leon was more brave (or foolish?) than I am. And thus Key West was discovered*. (* I’m not a big fan of this idea of islands being ‘discovered’ when there are already natives going about their daily lives, but it’s the word that’s most commonly thrown around so I’ll rudely throw it around too).
The bones on the beach are relevant because that’s how Key West got its name – Cayo Oueso is Spanish for ‘bone island’ and over time the pronunciation has been bludgeoned into its present day Key West. (Still fixed on the scattered bones thing? Don’t worry – it was the native burial ritual, leaving the dead on the beach and in the hands of nature; there wasn’t some Netflix-worthy massacre). The bones are long buried but I’m sharing this piece of history so you can realise that Key West is much more than a party island. Key West’s history is filled with pirates, shipwrecks, and rum runners. It’s no wonder it has attracted so many creative people over the years (most famously, Earnest Hemingway).
I’ve just completed my 4th visit to Key West and, although I’ve spent my fair share of time in the bars on famous Duval Street, I’ve dug deeper and uncovered many of the small but otherwise-fascinatingly-formed sights. Here’s my list of the best things to do in Key West. It’s barely 5 square miles (20 square km) and most of the sights are conveniently located around Key West’s old town but there are still several ways to explore the island.
1. Drive down Highway 1
You can get to Key West by plane, boat or shuttle but by far the best way is to drive down Highway 1. Ideally in a cabriolet/convertible. I highly recommend a Mustang. Yes, your car choice screams ‘tourist’ but so what – you’re are on vacation, right? If you are making a list of, start with a stylish arrival. I have a whole post dedicated to the 21 Best Things To Do in The Florida Keys. For car hire, I usually rent from Sixt from Miami airport. Good prices, nice staff and they’ve never tried to tag on any unnecessary insurance extras or found scratches that didn’t exist (or did exist, eek) when I returned the car.
Key West Travel Tip: You don’t really need a car in Key West if you’re staying in the old town but if you do have one, there is plenty of free parking – just stick to the marked bays and avoid the ones with ‘residents’ written on them.
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- 15 Famous Bars In Key West (With A Printable Checklist)
- 25 Best Places To Eat In Key West Florida
2. Take the Key West Old Town Trolley
The Key West Old Town trolley is my favourite thing to recommend for first timers and is the closest thing you’re going to get to a hop-on hop-off in Key West. In under two hours you’ll be given a complete tour of the island together with plenty of hop-on-hop-off opportunities. It’s the ideal way to get oriented and decide what you want to see during your time on the island. You’ll get a bunch of history as well as plenty of bar and restaurant recommendations. You can find out more and book tickets here – Get Your Guide (my favourite tour booking site) or Viator.
Key West Travel Tip: Includes free entry to the Sails and Rails Museum and the Hemingway Rum Distillery.
3. Take the Conch Train Tour
You’re unlikely to want to do the Trolley and the train in the same trip and by all objective measures the trolley is better (more stops, more information, more discounts) but I LOVE the train. It’s cute and playful and ideal if you don’t have much time. My friend told me trains were for kids so I waited until I visited the Keys with my dad when technically (at 43 years old) I was a kid. You can book tickets here on Get Your Guide or here on Viator.
4. Take the free Duval Loop
Not much for walking? Take the free Duval loop. It does a small but useful loop around the streets that parallel Duval Street and is a good, free way of orienting yourself. You can find out more about the Duval Loop here.
5. Get around Key West by golf buggy
Not wanting to give up your precious free-parking spot or arrived by air? There is probably nothing more ‘Key West’ than zipping around by golf buggy. Don’t worry, the drivers are very chilled out and you’re unlikely to get beeped let alone squashed by a larger vehicle. You can find out about buggy rentals here. Or just book when you get there.
6. Rise early for a picture at the Southernmost Point
It’s hard to tell whether there are more ‘Hemingway was here’ or ‘Southernmost bakery/hotel/gift shop’ signs in Key West but either way you’ll quickly come to know that Key West is the southernmost point of the USA. And there’s a big buoy to prove it.
If you want a picture next to the buoy or a picture without anyone else next to the buoy, you either have to get up hellishly early (like I did), or stand in a photo line for 20 minutes (I refused to), or visit back in 2010 when the photo line wasn’t a thing. I do accept that this last option might be a touch difficult. If you want to take a walking tour of Key West that includes the Southernmost Point, you can book here.
7. Stay at the Southernmost House
If you’re loving the southernmost groove and are looking for places to stay, go all in and stay at the Southernmost House. I’ve not stayed here but it looks very cute. If you don’t fancy staying here, it’s a good alternative photo spot if the buoy is overrun with people. You can check prices and reviews of the Southernmost hotel here.
8. Check out the Mile 0 Sign
Reputed to be the most stolen sign in Key West, the Mile 0 marker sign marks the end of Highway 1 and tops all the lists for iconic Key West things to do. And, yes, you guessed it, it’s the end of the Southernmost highway in the USA. It’s also believed to be the most photographed road sign in the US so you can do that instead of trying to pry it off its post. You’ll find the marker on street.
9. Try Cuban coffee at Cuban Coffee Queen
Not only is Key West the southernmost point of the USA, it’s only 90 miles away from Cuba. In fact, stood at the southernmost point, you’re closer to Cuba than mainland USA. And don’t you know it. Cuban cigars, Cuban sandwiches, Cuban rum and Cuban music, it’s sometimes hard to imagine you’re not in Cuba – and that’s not something to complain about. My favourite Cuban activity is sucking down as many Cuban coffees as I can lay my mitts on. Cuban Coffee Queen is by far the best Cuban coffee you’ll get in Key West. And I’m not prepared to get into a fight about it 🙂 Order a cafe con leche to get the authentic taste. You can check the locations here.
10. Eat Cuban food
Whether it’s the famous Cuban sandwich or a take on the chicken, rice and beans dish that’s endemic in Cuba, it’s worth giving Cuban food a go. Personally, having spent over a month in Cuba across two trips, I can firmly say I’m not a fan of Cuban cuisine but don’t let me sway you. I don’t have any recommendations for you except that if you’re curious but don’t want to waste a whole meal, try the Cuban sandwich (shared with a friend?) at Cuban Coffee Queen.
Related posts: You can check out the posts I wrote about my trips to Cuba here.
One of the things I love about Key West is the cultural buildings littered about the island. Without spending a cent, it’s easy to spend a day wandering around old town Key West, taking pictures of one historic building, famous location or Key West sight after another. Here are my favourites.
11. Visit the Oldest House in Key West
While there is a fee if you want to go inside, for many people, a picture of the front of Key West’s oldest house is enough. You’ll find Key West’s Oldest House on 322 Duval Street. You can find out more, including tours of the house here.
12. Take the Historic Seaport Walk
I love talking a stroll along Key West’s historic seaport. With a meandering boardwalk to follow, it’s a great spot for watching the fishing boats come in. There’s always pelicans hanging around, hoping to score a bite and the area is full of waterside bars and restaurants. It’s perfect at sunset and is lit up at night. If you’re sick of Duval Street but want an area with a bit of buzz, this is the place to be. You can find out more about what’s there and what’s on here.
Key West Travel Tip: Don’t miss the Western Union Schooner – the official flagship of Florida, which is berthed right here at the seaport.
13. Explore the Key West Cemetery
Not your average cemetery, the Key West Cemetery is unusual in a few respects. First, it’s above ground (lesson learned after a hurricane washed all of the bodies out of their graves). Second, it’s full of gravestones that feature cracking one-liners and creative shapes (conch shell, anyone?). My favourite is the gravestone that says: ‘I told you I was sick’. Oh, and there are some locally famous people buried there, too, like Sloppy Joe. There’s even tales of grave robbing (bodies, not just things). Find out more about the cemetery in this article by Atlas Obscura.
14. Check out the Kapok tree at the Monroe County Courthouse
As well as being a book nerd, I’m also a reformed lawyer, so courthouses hold particular interest for me. For most visitors to Key West, it’s not the courthouse building (pretty as it is) that is photo worthy, but the gigantic kapok tree that sits outside. You’ll find the kapok tree on Fleming Street, a short walk from popular Mallory Square (more on that below). I recommend taking a picture of yourself in front of the tree to give some perspective.
Travel Life tip: don’t do anything that will make you see the inside of the courthouse. Reference above: don’t steal ‘mile 0 sign’.
15. See the Birthplace of PanAm
Once upon a time, Pan Am was the USA’s largest airline and it’s first office was in Key West. An understated building on a quiet street, you could walk by if you were not looking for it. In 1927 the first Pan Am flight flew from Key West to Cuba (back when that was possible). Today, you probably won’t be surprised to hear that the building is a microbrewery. Take a picture of the sign out front or stop in for a beer. More details here.
16. Wander the art galleries
If there’s one thing Key West is not short on, it’s creativity so it’s no surprise the island has myriad art galleries to explore. From big names like Peter Lik, with his photography gallery on Duval Street to the smaller, local art galleries on the side-streets, it’s easy to get a free-slice of artistic life without paying a single museum fee. You can find a list of the top Key West art galleries here.
17. Pay Your Respects at the AIDS memorial
Etched on Zimbabwe granite, the Key West AIDS memorial is a tribute to the people who have died of AIDS who lived in and loved the Florida Keys. Each year there is a commemorative ceremony and candlelit march. You can find out more on the official website here.
18. Count the roosters
Key West’s Roosters are so famous they’ve made it onto t-shirts. The locals have a love-hate relationship with them but either way, being federally protected (it’ll cost you $500 if you kill one) they’re here to stay.
Key West Travel Tip: don’t go collecting conch on the beach. It’s illegal to take a live Queen conch shell and this woman, who collected 40, ended up in the clink. I’ve been in the Clink myself before, but that was for a different reason.
19. Watch the sunset at Mallory Square
Look inland and you have street performers and musicians plucking out a tune, but the real highlight of Mallory Square is the sunset. You could park yourself in one of the many sunset bars (but get there early). Otherwise, pull up a pew on the conveniently located wall and watch the sun set over the most southern island in the USA.
20. People watch on Duval Street
I’ve got more on Duval Street below but if the nightlife or bar hopping isn’t your thing, at least take a stroll down this crazy street. The first time I stepped onto Duval, I saw a woman in drunk tears accusing her husband that he didn’t love her because he wouldn’t buy her a slice of pizza. The guy shrugged and handed her a rapidly purchased slice. It was 11 a.m. I don’t think this one needs instruction? The best thing I can compare Duval Street to is Bourbon Street in New Orleans. You can check out my post about New Orleans here.
The best way to describe Key West’s museum and cultural scene is small but perfectly formed. Most museums can be visited within an hour which mean you can jam a few into one day. If you do plan to see a few, buy the Trolley Ticket – it allows you to graft on packages to your base price, giving you discounts of other Key West tours and museums on the island.
21. Visit Hemingway House
You’re going to hear a lot about Earnest Hemingway in Key West considering he lived there for 8 years so you may as well visit his home. I’m a book nerd so visiting Hemingway House Key West was right up my street. Even if you’re more of a Netflix kind of person, it’s still worth a visit just to see the urinal-turned-water feature and the six-toed cats. Yes, both of these things are real. You can find out more and book tickets here. Want to read some Hemingway to get you in the mood, click here.
22. Climb the Lighthouse
It wasn’t until my 4th visit to Key West that I organised myself to climb up the lighthouse. Honestly, the view from the top rubbed a bit of shine off my notion that Key West is a cutesy town. From the top, you see the island sprawl and it isn’t that pretty. However, it’s still worth a visit. Key West and the surrounding islands are so low lying, they were hazardous for ships so the lighthouse was vital to the island for many years. Stop into the keepers house for more information on what lighthouse life was like. You can find out details here. The climb is up 88 stairs and gives you a 6 mile view. And no, you can’t see Cuba from the top.
Interesting fact: The Key West lighthouse is a bit unique as it’s not on the coast. The original lighthouse was wiped out in a hurricane so the replacement was built further inland.
23. Visit Custom House for an overview of Key West
If you visit just one museum after Hemingway House, make it Custom House. For me, a museum nerd, this was one of my favourite things in Key West. With exhibitions covering the ship wrecks, pirates, the Civil War, treasure hunting and the art and literary scene, you’ll get the best overview of the threads of Key West life over the ages. You can find out more on the Custom House website here.
24. See 500 Years of History at the Sails to Rails Museum
If you want an insight into how unique Key West is, visit the Sails to Rails museum. There are two themes – 500 years of maritime history including big sail boats but also Henry Flagler’s epic building of the overseas highway which connected Florida with Key West by train. At one point, it was possible to book a ticket all the way from New York to Cuba via a combo of the train and ferry. Sadly, a hurricane hit the rail bridge and it was never rebuilt – you will drive past it on the way down to the Keys so keep an eye out. You can find out more about the Sails to Rails Museum here. This museum is included with your Trolley ticket.
25. Learn about treasure hunting at the Mel Fisher maritime museum
All I need to say is that Mel Hunter, after a lifetime of searching, struck gold (literally) when he and his treasure hunting team recovered nearly half a billion (yes, billion) dollar’s worth of sunken treasure when they finally found the Spanish Galleon Atocha. Laden with gold, silver and emeralds, it’s an amazing story that’s well captured in this museum. Got some gold burning a hole in your pocket? There’s a store where you can buy some of the recovered treasure. You can find out more here.
26. Visit the Truman Little White House
I was museum-ed out by the time I got to the Truman Little White House and the scheduled tour had just left so I ended up skipping this. However, it looked impressive. It’s still in active use and has seen lots of presidents (USA and overseas) visit. Make sure you check the schedule before you go to see the tour times. You can find out more here.
27. Enjoy the Tennessee Williams Museum
After missing the Little White House tour, I trotted over to the Tennessee Williams Museum and was delighted with this one-room whirlwind introduction to the life of the man who wrote so many famous screenplays (A Streetcar Named Desire is probably the work you’re most familiar with). It’s probably not the most famous activity but it ended up being one of my favourites. Check out the official website here. If you visit here and Custom House museum, you get a discount.
28. Take a ghost tour
Death, disease and hurricanes litter the history books of this tiny island so it’s no surprise that ghost hunters abound in Key West and taking a shot tour is one of the top Key West attractions. Looking to save my liver from another night on Duval Street, I decided to book a ghost tour. In fact, I’ve tried two ghost tours on the island (two visits with two people) and here are the tours I tried and would recommend:
Ghost and Gravestones – if you’re not in the slightest bit a believer, this is the tour for you. It’s a fun history of the macabre side of Key West that involves stories of stolen corpses and haunted dolls. A visit to the Shipwreck Museum and East Martello Museum to visit Robert the Doll are included. You get driven round in a open sided vehicle which allows drunk people to heckle you. Heckle back. You can book here (Get Your Guide) or here (Viator).
Key West Ghosts and Mysteries Tour– this is a walking tour and quite a bit more serious. Probably too serious for me but if you’re a believer and want to visit purportedly haunted spots and maybe get a picture of a ghost in action, this is the tour for you. You can book here.
29. See Robert the Doll at East Martello museum
I may not be a believer but I also don’t want to tempt fate – legend has it that Key West contains a haunted doll (a little like the Annabelle doll story). In fact, the Chucky movies are believed to be based on the doll that now lives in a glass case at the East Martello Museum. If you believe the stories, don’t take a picture without requesting permission (don’t even google Robert, for that matter). It’s up to you. I took a respectful, squinted look out of one eye. No pictures. Just in case. You know. Unless you have a car with you, the museum is a bit tough to get to but is included on the Ghost and Gravestones Tour. You can find out more here.
30. Visit the Shipwreck museum
The Shipwreck museum tells you the history of wreckers on the island since the 1800s and I accidentally visited twice. The first time because the wooden building screamed ‘pirates, ahoy’ and the second time at night because it was included in my the Ghost and Gravestones tour. The day visit was great for views from the shipwrecking platform (where lookouts would scan the horizon for wrecked ships they could loot). The night tour was good for being a bit spooky. What I did find out (2nd visit) is that the silver I tried to pick up (1st visit) was apparently cursed. A few weeks later, I got dengue fever. Coincidence? You can find out more here.
Key West Travel tip: This is great for kids. Ask my dad, he took me and it keep me quiet for a good hour.
One thing that surprises a lot of visitors to Key West is the absence of beautiful beaches. Most of them are man-made but that’s not to say you can’t enjoy Key West’s Caribbean vibes. You just need to go offshore on a day trip. Here’s some of the best options.
31. Day trip to the Dry Tortugas
I’ve tried and failed to do this many times because I’m not good at booking ahead and the ferry that goes out to the Dry Tortugas is popular. However, if you are planning ahead and booking some Key West excursions, put this at the top of your list. You get a full day of adventuring with a visit to Fort Zachary as well as time to snorkel. You can book a trip to the Dry Tortugas Key West here.
32. Go on a snorkelling trip
Is there anything better than being face down in aqua coloured waters? What Key West lacks in golden sands, it makes up for with beautiful waters so go ahead and book some water-based Key West activities. You can book Key West snorkelling tours here:
- Key West Double Dip: 2-Stop Reef Snorkeling Trip
- Key West Florida Reef Half-Day Snorkeling Excursion
- Half-Day Cruise with Kayaking and Snorkeling
33. Take a Tiki Hut sunset cruise
‘We’re going on a tiki hut sunset cruise,’ the couple explained to me and it took a minute (and further questions) for me to connect the dots. Sure, I knew what a tiki hut was. And I’d been on many sunset cruises. But a tiki hut that floats and does a sunset cruise? That was definitely new to me. And, it’s possible in Key West. You can book tickets here.
34. Explore the beaches
If you do want to have a beach day in Key West and have set your expectations (no reams of golden sands), there are a few Key West beaches to chose from.
How to do it: The best beach depends what you’re after. Siminton beach is the closest beach to old town Key West and is walkable. Otherwise check out Higgs Beach or Smathers Beach. Fort Zachery beach is great for a combination of history, walking trails and a great sunset beach spot. Find out more here.
35. Go fishing
A wander around the restaurants in Key West will tell you that fish is bountiful in these ‘ere parts. Best (financially) if there are a group of you – charter a boat and go fishing for the day. Your skipper will likely cleave up anything you catch and they’ll have connections with the local restaurants to cook what you bring back. You can book a fishing excursion here (this is a brilliant price if you ask me) or just wander down by the docks and negotiate a price.
Where to eat and drink in Key West
You can spend an entire trip simply eating and drinking in Key West and on one trip that’s pretty much all I did. It meant I ate and drank in a lot of places. So that means I’ve visited enough restaurants and bars that I’ve written two separate posts. You can find them here:
- The 25 Best Places To Eat in Key West including the best key lime pie, suggestions for breakfast, brunch, lunch, dinner, waterfront dining, happy hour dining and what to eat when you get to each restaurant.
- The 15 Most Famous Bars in Key West, including a map and printable checklist for you to print, laminate and drag along on your bar crawl. Can you visit all 15?
Where to Stay in Key West
You won’t be short of beautiful choices for where to stay but don’t expect those beautiful choices to come cheap. I lean towards budget accommodation and even a dorm room will set you back around $60-$70 a night. For a basic apartment rental, I paid $150 a night with a friend. The best hotels are going to cost a pretty penny. The upside is that even though you pay a bit more, the quality is very good. Here are the places I have stayed and some alternatives that look good/are quirky:
NYAH Key West – short for Not Your Average Hotel, NYAH Key West has 4 pools with different temperatures, a mix of dorm and private rooms and is a very short walk to Duval. This is my go-to in Key West and as cheap hotels go, I don’t think you are going to find much better.
Hyatt Centric – you can’t beat this spot for a blend of location and well-know brand. If you’re not a boutique hotel fan (they can be hit and miss), check in here.
Southernmost Sanctuary – I had a very enjoyable stay here (probably given I was sleeping in the double bed not on the sofa bed, which my friend graciously took). For the price, it was one of the cheaper apartment stays. Very close to Southernmost…everything.
La Concha Hotel – feeling brave? As Key West hotels go, this one promises a different experience – it’s reputed to be haunted. I’ve not stayed here but it is very centrally located if you want the back of your neck ticked (and not by your travel mate).
Southernmost House – this one wins for location and claim to fame. If you stay here, let me know what it’s like. It’s always been out of my price range.
Key West Travel Information
How to get to Key West
- By car – I always rent from Miami airport with Sixt. Great prices. No hassle. Easy pick-up and return.
- Shuttle service from Miami to Key West – if you don’t plan on exploring the rest of the Keys, you don’t really need a car. There are several shuttle options. I’ve tried a couple and, to be honest, they all come with various (service-based) complaints. Also, prices bounce around a bit. For that reason, I’d recommend you read the reviews and see what’s coming out top when you book.
- Fly – Key West has an airport (Key West International airport, to be precise) if you’re flying from within the USA. Key West airport is 3 miles from Duval Street. You can search for flights here.
- Greyhound Bus – if you really want to shoestring it, the Greyhound bus is the cheapest option. The only downside is it drops you at the airport so what you save in bus fare you might end up spending on a taxi into the old town.
Best Time To Visit Key West
It may look like a year-round destination thanks to the location edging the Caribbean but Key West weather is more tricky than that. Not only does it get hit by hurricanes, it isn’t all that warm in winter. If you can, avoid June to October (with the September being the most risky for hurricane).
December to February can be a bit chilly – I was most recently there in January and there were grey skies, smatterings of rain and a breeze strong enough to need a jumper. The best time to visit is between March and May. October and November are also decent enough shoulder season months.
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