50 Biggest Culture Shock Experiences

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Men climbing onto the roof of a bus in India

Culture shock is defined as the feeling of disorientation experienced by someone when they are suddenly subjected to an unfamiliar culture, way of life, or set of attitudes.

For me, culture shock is that ‘oh, wow’ moment when you lock eyes on something that you’ve never seen before and you know that it will stay with you forever, no matter how far and and how long you travel. Culture shock isn’t a judgement (before people start jumping up and down and flinging all sorts of accusations after they read the list below), it’s an observation about how different things are compared to what you’re used to.

In years of travel, I’ve had a lot of culture shock experiences. Here are the ones that have left the greatest impression (in no particular order).

Table of Contents

1. Toilets without any cubicle door or privacy in China.

Yes, I used one of these toilets in China. Yes, I got stage fright and yes, it took me an extraordinarily time to pee while several women hovered over me with ‘hurry up’ looks on their faces.

squat toilets with no privacy screen in china

2. Armed guards outside my guest house in Quito

I couldn’t quite decide whether this extra level of protection in Ecuador made me feel more or less secure but it felt like a cup of cold water in the face every time I walked past the machine-gun toting guy outside my guest house.

3. People sat in the train’s overhead luggage area in India

Courtesy of a missed train, I took an on-the day, no-seat-reservation train in India. It was so crammed, I sat 3-people to one seat for 8 hours but I didn’t have the worst of it. Scores of men and boys sat in the luggage rack, necks bent against the ceiling.

4. Cactus as tall as a house in Phoenix, Arizona.

People and cultures aren’t the only things that have surprised me – nature and its immense power has dropped my jaw more than once.

indiana jo standing under a very tall cactus in Arizona

5. Rome’s seedy side

Rome may be one of the most opulent places I’ve ever been so I wasn’t expecting a seedy side. Yet, it does have one and my accommodation (near Termini station) was right in the thick of it.

6. Food portions in America

I knew food portions in the USA were vast long before I visited (stereotypes sometimes bear true) but I wasn’t expecting regular portions the size of my head. It did, however, serve me well in Hawaii when I could get 3-4 meals out of one order. 

7. Cosmetic enhancements in Colombia

Breast implants I’m familiar with (not personally, mind you) but bottom implants? I was told that implants were a common gift for a girl’s 15th birthday in Colombia

clothing manequin in colombia with very large chest

8. Use of the ‘c’ word as punctuation in Australia

It’s a word that can start a fight in England so it’s used sparingly. Not in Australia where it’s thrown into conversations as a noun, an adjective, a verb and, failing that, a full stop.

9. Dogs for food in Cambodia

I couldn’t understand why a homeless man in Cambodia had three prized puppies on a string. He’ll sell them for food, a local told me. I though he meant that the man should sell them so he could get money to eat. That wasn’t what he meant.

10. Fresh from Downton Abbey manners in Brazil

I though I had decent enough table manners until I got to Brazil. Oh my goodness, the table Ps&Qs of this nation put me to shame (as I tried to fish a lemon pip out of my drink with my finger and received a stare). A tad intimidating but very pleasant to watch. Britain: take note.

11. Women comfortably exposing their stomachs in India

Growing up in a society where women (and men) are trained to covet a flat stomach or otherwise keep it covered, it was refreshing to see so many mid-sari stomachs hanging out in all their wonderful fleshiness.

12. The ferry to Senegal

I’ve been on some crammed, questionable transport in my travels but the ferry between The Gambia and Senegal has stuck with me.  Picture below.

kinalai ferry to senegal rusty and filled with people

13. Casual machete carrying in Nicaragua

The first time I saw someone (a young boy) carrying a machete, I was ready to run. Within a day, I realised it was the norm (for farming purposes I was told). Having one rest on my leg for several hours on a cramped bus in Nicaragua was still daunting. 

14. The number of homeless people in USA

For one of the richest countries in the world, the disparity of wealth and the resultant number of homeless people in the USA still shocks me even after several visits. The fact that most people blank out their homeless counterparts shocks me more. And after a recent trip to Downtown LA, its a situation that’s getting worse, not better.

15. Child prostitution in Colombia

The number of sub-16 year old girls on dates with western men who were plus-50 was something I couldn’t un-see once I’d started to notice it in Colombia.

16. Food in the Philippines (an Asian anomaly)

Given its location, I thought good food in the Philippines was a given. Wrong. You can read my thoughts on that here – Food in the Philippines: The Lingering Taste of Salty Disappointment.

bowl of floating pig skin in the philippines

17. Horn blasting in New York

Deafening, disconcerting and completely pointless. If a city’s collective frustration has a noise, it takes the form of a horn blow in New York.

18. The poverty in India

I can’t describe in a sentence the shocking extent of the poverty in India except its estimated that over 275 million people live on less than ¢1.25 a day. Of all my travel experiences, this one has stayed with me the most. I left India feeling both incredibly humble and sad.

19. The dehumanised healthcare system in the USA

I’ve come into contact with the US healthcare system twice. Both times my financial status was given priority above my health. On one occasion, the doctor spent more time at her computer with her back to me than assessing me.

20. Using the toilet hose in Thailand

I confess, I still don’t really ‘get’ the whole toilet hose in Thailand. Ok, I understand why but I’m still not sure about how. Each time I tried it (do as the locals and all that) I ended up with an embarrassingly wet ‘area’ on my clothes. Please tell me if I’ve been doing this all wrong.

21. Hose and ‘suicide’ showers in Latin America 

Speaking of hoses…from a sawn-off hose pipe concreted into the wall to a more swish arrangement (shower-head) that came complete with exposed electrical wires, it may have been shocking at first but didn’t take long before I got used to this rustic and sometimes risky way of washing.

Shower in guatemala with exposed wires

22. The number of dishonest taxi drivers (everywhere) 

I genuinely believe that 99% of the people in the world are good people. I also believe that taxi drivers the whole world over make up a fair portion of the 1%. These days, I use Uber.

23. Eating with my hands in India

I’m the kind of person who eats a pizza and sometimes even a sandwich with cutlery. So, using nothing more than my fingers and some chapati to eat curry took some getting used to. As did permanently (tumeric) stained nails.

24. Bioluminescence in Isla Holbox, Mexico

I’d seen videos of bioluminescence but seeing it up close and interacting with it in the water was a pretty special moment. You can read more about Isla Holbox here.

25. Everyday peace and tolerance in Jerusalem

Transitioning from one quarter to another in Jerusalem, Armenian, Christian, Jewish, Muslim, locals worked side by side in harmony. That’s not quite what the media had led me to believe.

26. Female sex tourism in The Gambia

I’m no prude but the seeing white western women in Africa paying for the local men’s services shocked me. You can read my thoughts on that topic in my post: Let’s Talk About Sex: Female Sex Tourism in The Gambia

Postcard showing old, large white lady with thin, young black man in The Gambia Africa

27. The lifetime bachelors in China

When a country has a gender preference for baby boys, the effects are felt for generations. An estimated 40 – 50 million bachelors in China have no hope of marrying or becoming parents. Watching a man place his cute puppy, complete with pink hair ribbons in his bike basket hammered that reality home.

28. No alcohol in the Middle East

Being in parts of the Middle East, it was the first time I’d stepped inside a dry country. Before that, it hadn’t occurred to me that there were places where alcohol was off limits. 

29. Topless ladies on Spanish beaches

As a young 20-something travelling to Spain, my inner British reservedness was quite uncomfortable with the number of topless ladies (of all ages, shapes and sizes) sunning themselves on public beaches. This was probably one of my first culture shock moments.

30. The air pollution in China

By the time my one month visa was up in China, I had a perpetual cough and a huskiness to my voice I thought I’d never recover from. I met a US girl who was teaching in China and was popping over to the traffic choked streets of Kuala Lumpur just to get some better air. That says something.

31. Blatant racism in Chicago

I’ll let this picture below speak for itself. It was inside a bar window. Being belligerent, I knocked on the door and challenged the sign. I told the guy that I wanted to wear low-cut pants that would probably show my underwear with a sleeveless plain white t-shirt and excessive jewellery – would I be allowed in. The response: ‘It’s not aimed at you miss. It’s aimed at black people.’ 🙁

rascist sign in chicago bar

32. Live guinea pigs stored under the oven in Peru

I witnessed this while visiting a local family. The fact that Guinea pig is a food form and not a pet was one thing but seeing them stored, alive, like they were sacks of potatoes was another culture shock experience.

33. Skimpiness of the bikinis in Brazil

Stood next to the Brazilian beauties on the beach, my British bikini felt like it was fresh out of the 1940s compared to the minuscule swatches of material the local girls were confident enough to wear. 

34. The cost of healthy food in the USA 

Walking around a supermarket looking for a healthy lunch I saw that for $10 I could buy a bottle of vodka (and receive change) or 3 family size cakes or a small platter of fruit.

35. Tall beyond belief buildings in New York

I’ve probably been places since that have had taller buildings but standing in New York that first time with my neck craned skywards, barely able to comprehend the enormity of the skyscrapers – that sense of awe will stick with me forever.

skyscraper in new york

36. Crumbling pavements in Latin America

If the pavements of many Latin American countries existed in the UK (and heaven forbid the USA – claim capital of the world), bankruptcy would quickly ensue. In Latin America, if you put a foot wrong, it’s your fault (because it’s your foot). Learning to take full responsibility for my actions (and steps) made me trip less often and I was grateful for that.

37. Prescription medication for bulk buy in Guatemala

My medicine kit was stolen when I was in Guatemala and I though I’d struggle to get some of my prescription only pills. No hay problema as it turned out – the pharmacist tried her hardest to bulk sell me 500 pills by offering me a discounted price.

38. Seeing a road accident in Colombia

I’d heard more than once that the value of human life can be low in Latin America and I got a sense of that when I witnessed a traffic accident near Medellin. The girl couldn’t have been more than 17 and judging from her tangled limbs and the mass of blood, she was dead. That she was left uncovered was shocking enough. The crowds – including the firemen at the scene – stood around taking pictures on their mobiles shocked me even more.

skinny cow eating garbage pile in India

39. The omnipresent dirt in India

It once took me 3 baths in a hotel in India to get rid of 6 weeks’ worth of dirt. It felt like it’s everywhere, from the streets which are used as litter bins and toilets by animals and humans (both of which I witnessed) to the choking fumes.

40. Lack of personal space in China

Personal space is something that doesn’t seem to exist in China where people will comfortably stand shoulder to shoulder with you even if there is no need to. A British person would tried to have you arrested if you got that up close when there was other space to be occupied. Definitely a culture difference.

41. The humidity in the Amazon

I had romantic notions about the Amazon that were quickly dispelled. Mosquitos galore, the inability to keep your bag open in case something crawls in and the humidity which turns everything damp and keeps it that way.

42. Everyday marijuana smoking in Jamaica

There are lots of roadside signs in Jamaica warning of the dangers of drink driving but no mention of the fact that smoking weed is a daily part of so many local’s lives. Most surprising was the number of stoned people I encountered who were clearly high in a ‘work’ setting.

travel quote: when you travel, remember that a foreign country is not designed to make you comfortable. It is designed to make its own people comfortable.

43. Corruption in Laos and Belize

Yes, I know corruption is more widespread than these two places (and don’t get me started on corruption in so-called rich nations) but having to hand over a ‘small administrative fee’ to get basic police reports to support an insurance claim… 

44. Chicken buses in Latin America

I miss the excitement that comes with taking a local bus in Latin America. Brightly coloured and containing a menagerie of animals (usually for food), those first few occasions had me eyes wide.

45. Difficulty sourcing tampons in Mexico

Again, Mexico is not the only country where this happens but not all countries have a tampons as a common form of sanitary wear. Spending close to a day tracking tampons down in a small town was a surprise the first time and not a mistake I made again.

46. Body hair on Brazilian ladies

Long leg hair that had been bleached white on top of beautiful dark Brazilian skin, the effect is quite dramatic. I’ve heard it referred to as ‘peach fuzz’ and also a golden shower…but don’t google that last one…

47. The Milky Way without sodium glare in Nicaragua

Yeah, I thought I’d seen the Milky Way until I sat on a beach on the isthmus of a volcano in Nicaragua when the lights were out. Something else. 

48. Unreliable water and light in developing countries

You turn on a tap and there’s water, right? Same with electricity and light? Not everywhere. If you want a good punch of gratitude, go find a place where you have to wash when the water comes through and permanently pack a torch just in case.

49. Graphic front page news in Latin America

Newspapers in Latin America have no qualms slapping a full-on picture of a dead body (blood, guts and all) on the front page. No ‘contains graphic images’ warning as you buy your morning coffee – that was definitely a culture shock experience I had to get used to (largely by learning to quickly avert my eyes).

50. The menu of options on a Japanese toilet

Want to play music? Done. Prefer the sound of flushing water to disguise any other sounds? No problem. Heated toilet seat, a range of ‘washing’ functions and even an air freshener function, Japanese toilets are more complicated and offer more usability than my TV.

Japanes toilet menu

There you have it – my biggest culture shock experiences – what’s your greatest culture shock experience been? Let me know in the comments below.

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men on top of a bus in india with text overlay
Author - Jo Fitzsimons

Hi, I'm Jo, the writer behind Indiana Jo. In 2010 I quit my job as a lawyer and booked an around the world ticket. As a solo female traveller, I hopped from South America to Central America, across Asia, the Middle East and Europe. It was supposed to be a one-year trip but over a decade later, it's yet to end. I've lived in a cave, climbed down a volcano barefoot, spent years as a digital nomad, worked as a freelance travel writer, and eaten deadly Fugu. Now I'm home, back in the UK, but still travelling far and wide. You can find out more About Me.

17 thoughts on “50 Biggest Culture Shock Experiences”

  1. Hi Jo,
    Very good evening, this is Shakhawat from Bangladesh, whatever you have written was just excellent! I’ve learned a lots of things and also will make me prepare for the future, as I’m also very fond of traveling and traveled to fewer countries. Yet, not 60 or more like you, however, wish to.

    By the way, have you ever been to Bangladesh? If so, then come again, and if not- you are warmly welcome.

    Happy traveling.

  2. Hi Jo, thanks for the whirlwind tour of how any type of country can provide a shock. Plenty of throwbacks! You probably have enough stories already, but if you’re curious for throwbacks of your own, please check out my book, “Upstate Pizza Guy in India and Nepal: Notes from a Drifting Road.”

  3. just Wow I love this article, thank you for sharing this experience
    I have never been to Gambia but I heard about female sex tourism there

  4. What an interesting read. Amazed at how many places you have been!
    Personally, I would like to get a technology culture shock. So Japan it is! Hope its more than just the toilets 🙂


  5. I was surprised by the Japanese toilets too haha. I did love that they were heated though, especially visiting in the winter. This was a very interesting list to read, for sure!

    • Thanks Megan and yes – the lovely, warm toilet seats in Japan were a fave. Also, having the confidence to sit down on the seats there, knowing they’d be clean and ‘dry’ (if you know what I mean) was a huge bonus 🙂

  6. Brilliant post Jo!

    I was shocked by the filth in India. It was so awful that after I saw a dead body floating pass me on the River Ganges, they had to carry me from the boat, as I absolutely refused to wade in it!

    I was also culturally shocked by the tall sky-scrapers in Los Angeles, not to talk of New York! I’m extremely well travelled, but I was surprised that I was just so shocked. I almost had a panic attack even!

    The very first time that I went to Africa. I’m from Northern England where there were just 2 children in my school (myself included) that were of colour, so you can imagine my shock when everyone around me was as dark-skinned as I was. Oh, and nobody could understand what I was saying either!

    Lastly, the first time that I ever saw a mango and tried to eat it!
    I didn’t know what it was and chewed the skin, then swallowed it! I then declared to my mother that I didn’t like it! Hardly any wonder when you were supposed to peel it, and then slice off the fruit!

    • Thanks Victoria. I went to Varanassi in India without really thinking it through and when I was approached, as you are, by locals willing to take me to the burning ghats I had a wtf am I doing moment? Seeing people burning in a pile is not something I actually wanted to witness and I’m more sensitive to these kinds of things than most and knew I’d have nightmares of it. I quickly did an about turn back to Delhi. Yes, being shocked at your own shock is quite something isn’t it. Especially when it’s something you’d otherwise think quick common (skyscrapers). As for Africa, I can imagine that must have been a very powerful moment! Oh and the mango – not surprised your didn’t like it. I once tried to eat the banana leaf wrapping my thai food – also not recommended. What wonderful stories. Thanks for sharing them 🙂

  7. It’s so sad to know that a lot of homeless people that surrounds USA having the fact that it is the richest country in the whole world. I admire this place so much without knowing these kind of situation.

    • I know! We have homelessness in Europe, obviously, but it was the sheer volume of it in the USA that made me so exceptionally sad. That and the ‘rich’ people walking by without even noticing.

  8. The number of homeless people in the US was indeed shocking to me when I lived there. Just as was the fact that nobody paid attention to a man that I kept seeing at the underground station, and that was evidently either sick or drunk. I had to call the police once as I thought he may be dead.

    I don’t think I could ever pee in public. Perhaps China is a no no for me? And India… I am going there in October. That will be a challenge!

  9. Re “The number of homeless people in USA”. I was also shocked in San Francisco 2 years ago and it looked like it was the standard mental health ‘care’ policy, which ties up neatly with “The dehumanised healthcare system in the USA”


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